Stem Cell Research- The Answer for Incurable Diseases?
If there is one event the occurrence of which man can be sure of, it is falling sick. Being prone to diseases is something that nobody has been able to avoid. Diseases might range from something as normal and commonplace as a cold to potential life threatening ones such as cancer. While medicine has been successful in providing answers for a number of diseases, some of them still remain incurable. It is in the direction of providing treatment for these diseases that stem cell research has emerged.
Stem Cell Research- What Is It All About?
The very first question that must come to your mind before anything else is what exactly is meant by the stem cell? Well, the human body is home to millions of cells, which congregate together to form tissues, which in turn join up to form the various organs, bones and other parts of the body. Embryonic stem cells refer to those cells from which the tissues of the body originate to form more complicated organs of the body.
Derived from the human embryo as a result of in vitro fertilization, stem cells are believed to have potential healing powers to cure diseases such as, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, various heart diseases and the like. It is for this reason that stem cell research has been gaining such prominence in the arena of medicine.
Stem Cell Research- The Source
The first successful isolation and culture of stem cells dates back to November 1998. Scientists believed that the stem cell research benefits would be felt mostly by those who are suffering from incurable diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, diabetes and various heart related diseases. Stem cells can be said to be the source of the more complex human body and thus, holds the potential of providing solution to complicated health related issues.
You might wonder where do scientists actually get these stem cells from. How do scientists actually go about the entire research procedure thus, giving rise to stem cell research benefits? There are a number of ways in which scientists might procure stem cells. Embryonic stem cells may be procured from those embryos that are not needed anymore for infertility treatment or they might even be created specifically for the purpose of research. Apart from this, the organs of an aborted fetus and blood cells of the umbilical cord can also prove to be a veritable trove of the embryonic stem cell. Apart from the embryonic stem cells, scientists are also making use of the adult stem cell mainly obtained from the bone marrow.
The Potential Benefits of Stem Cell Research
Stem cell research benefits have been a matter of much discussion and debate in the medicine circle quite for some time now. So, what are the potential benefits of the entire stem cell research endeavor?
- Stem cell research has the potential of healing diseases such as the Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, type 1 diabetes, heart diseases, birth defects and the like.
- The research is also sure to benefit people suffering from certain injury such as, Duchene’s muscular dystrophy, spinal cord injury, burns, hearing and vision loss and the like.
- Stem cell research benefits also include curing bone related problems such as, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and the like.
Hence, keeping the many benefits of the stem cell research in mind, it can be concluded that the successful commercial application of this research has the power to heal humanity of many diseases that now fall under the category of incurable diseases.